Many people think of orthopedics in terms of joint replacement, such as knee replacement and hip replacement. However, orthopedic surgeons care for patients of all ages and all walks of life, from newborns with club feet and young athletes requiring arthroscopic surgery, to older people with arthritis. And anybody can break a bone.
Orthopedic surgeons manage special problems of the musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves), which allows you to move, work and be active. This involves:
- Diagnosis of your injury or disorder
- Treatment with medication, exercise, surgery or other treatment plans
- Rehabilitation by recommending exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function
- Prevention with information and treatment plans to prevent injury or slow the progression of diseases
While orthopedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system, many orthopedists specialize in certain areas, such as the foot and ankle, spine, hip or knee. They may also choose to focus on specific fields like pediatrics, trauma or sports medicine. Some orthopedic surgeons specialize in several areas.
Source: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons